Framing and the “Leading” Lines

Finally,I found the time to update my blog..

anyways….we are now in Framing…

Framing – is the technique of a composition wherein you “frame” your subject/scene using objects found in the composition like trees,electricity posts,street lamps,arches etc.

This is done to provide a unique twist to your photos.

Here’s an example…

As you can see in the left side of the photo a tree looks like a part of a photo-“Frame”..

It framed my subject which is the cloud scenery..but still this composition is considered bad..

it’s because of the unnecessary part of the tree at the lower right part of the photo..

Although i like what i’ve done here..^_^

Next let’s talk about the Leading Lines…

Leading lines is another composition technique which “leads” your eye to your subject..or makes your eye wonder to your photo.

Seriously,i can’t describe it in a good way ^_^ but to make you guys understand better here are some examples…

In this photo(above) as you can see i put the road-end on the far right side which makes the effect of making your eye wonder/travel until the other end of the road..

Now,in this photo(above),the line that was supposed to lead your eye to the pep squad was put in the wrong place..it was supposed to be in the far right of the photo…

in this photo(above), i combined Framing and “Leading” Line techniques…

I hope through these examples, you got what i was trying to say.. i can’t thoroughly explain some of it.. i hope you guys understand..

Anyways..

i will be posting updates at least every week… the next topics might be about the function Macro,Color-Accent,AV-Priority,TV-Priority…and other Digital Camera functions.

Practice capturing shots using these techniques and always discover ways to improve..

^_^

Till next time!..

(photos are taken by me by the way….i’m using a Canon PowerShot 1530)

Apologies to those who follow my blog..

It’s been a long time since i last updated my blog..

many things happened during the past few months…and i apologize for those who waited for the updates..

and with that said…i will now continue updating and those who posted some questions will be answered soon..

hope you understand…

Thanks and Good day!

Cropping

Cropping is the way of removing parts of an image in order to improve the image’s composition.It is also the way to remove unnecessary objects in the image…

This can be done using Adobe Photoshop and the like..

Here’s an Example:

ORIGINAL IMAGE

CROPPED IMAGE:

Rule Of Thirds

Now let’s get down with the Rule of Thirds.

This is one of the popular “rules” of photography,it is commonly used for an effective,balanced and dynamic composition.It’s called the rule of thirds because you divide the image into thirds using 2 imaginary,equally spaced,horizontal and vertical lines. These form a grid over the image indicating the ideal placement for objects.

As you can see the image has a grid over it,this is the rule of thirds wherein you imaginatively put a grid on your image to create good compositions.

The recommended placement of subjects are in those intersections,this is because a typical person doesn’t actually look at the  center of the picture but on those that are placed in the intersections.

here is the image without the gridlines.

I personally recommend you practicing this rule,for it is the most basic of all photography concepts. It is used together with composition to create good images.

Some Digital Cameras have an automatic grid lines in their screens this is good for those who are having a hard time imagining..^_^

If you have a pretty good composition you might want to share it with us!

Post it here!

I will definitely appreciate it.

Next off Cropping and Framing.

Camera Handling and Composition

We are now on the Basics of Photography.

This is where we talk about Handling the Camera,Composition,Rule Of Thirds,Cropping,Framing,Leading Lines and Camera Orientation.

Personally..i learned all these in only a day in a seminar i attended…Please remember that i am not a professional just a hobbyist who wants to share basic knowledge about Photography.

All i do now is trying to explore more about Photography because i love it.

So First off in our lesson is Handling of Camera:

Proper handling of camera is necessary to get good quality pictures.

There are ways to do this:

1)While holding the camera clip your arms close to your body..this way you minimize the shaking of your hands which also minimize the blurred quality of your shots.

2)Before pressing the shutter button,hold your breath this will also minimize sudden movements which causes blurry-ness..

3)Get in a position which you are most comfortable of. For example you can bend,sit or stand to get comfortable before taking the picture.Not only the subjects/composition should you arrange but also yourself to get good quality shots.

Composition:

Composition-it is the arrangement of elements/subject of your image within the viewfinder or frame to produce a pleasing composition.

Basic Composition:

There are basic ways to arrange elements within your composition such as:

Physically move objects relative to each other

Tell people to move relative to each other or other objects.

Put your camera to your eye and move.This is the most effective way to control,compose and alter by changing your viewpoint.

Exposure Models

Exposure Models are the presettings provided by the manufacturer of the camera for ease of use.

Usually found in the menu or near the shutter button.

Here are the standard/usual presets of Digital Cameras:

Program-in program mode the camera sets the aperture and shutter speed.

Shutter Priority/TV: The camera sets the aperture to give you a good exposure.Choose the Shutter speed you need to freeze or deliberately blur camera or subject movement.

Aperture Priority/AV: The exposure System automatically set the shutter speed to give you a good exposure.We can select the aperture needed to obtain the depth of field we want.

Manual:We can select both the shutter speed and the aperture.

There are other settings like:

Portrait-sets the camera good for portraiture photos/shots.

Scenery/Landscape-sets the camera for landscape shots.

Night Shot-Sets the camera for dark/night photos/shots.

and many other settings.

Some cameras also have WHITE BALANCE.

White Balance:

Compensates for different types of light that can create a dominant hue of color that needs to be corrected to produce more result.

Typical Settings include:

Auto-The camera sets the white balance automatically according to shooting conditions.

Daylight-Use when shooting outdoors in sunlight on a clear day.

Cloudy:Use when shooting out doors and the sunlight is not enough such as under clear skies,in shade or at dusk.

Tungsten:for shooting under tungsten and bulb-type lighting.

Fluorescent:For shooting under warm-white or cool-white flourescent lighting.

(That’s my friend,Jeff..^_^)

Custom:For setting a custom value to obtain the optimal white balance for the conditions.In Custom you can set the white balance from your camera.Check your user manual for further instructions.

Take Note:Some of these features are not always in digital cameras.Some may have it,some may not. If you want to be sure about the features of your digital camera,please refer to your User’s Manual. This will let you get to know your camera which is quite advisable especially to beginners.

Doing this will make you more familiar with your camera and will make it easier to understand the concepts involve in photography.

Next stop: Basic Composition of a Photo.

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Basic Camera Controls Part2

Next in line on the basic controls of a digital camera are as follows:

Focus:

Digital Cameras have autofocus,this allows the camera to choose the correct focus distance for you,usually based on the contrast of an image(the image will be at maximum contrast when in sharp focus) or a mechanism such as an infrared sensor that measures the actual distance to the subject.Cameras can be set for a single autofocus(the lens is not focused until the shutter release is partially depressed/pressed lightly) or continuous autofocus(the lens refocuses constantly as you frame and reframe the image,as the shutter release has been partially depressed/pressed lightly).

Depth Of Field(DOF):

The range of distance in a scene that appears to be in focus and will be reproduced as being acceptably sharp in an image. It is controlled by the lens aperture,and extends for a distance in front of and behind the point on which,the lens is focused.

Basic Camera Controls

Today we are going to talk about the basic camera controls that most digital cameras have.

Before that,I am personally using a Canon Powershot A150 and an Olympus D540 Camera…

Both of them are in the Compact/Hybrid Category..Having features that most DSLR’s have..

Here are the basic camera controls that i think should be known to amateur/beginner/entry-level photographers:

Aperture: Lens opening

-A small hole,circular opening inside the lens that can change in diameter to control the amount of light more or less reaching the camera’s sensor as the picture is taken. Aperture sizes is expressed in f-numbers Ex.f1.4,f2,f2.8 etc.   The lower the number,the larger the aperture.

here’s a picture taken with an f1.1 setting to see more pics go to this site..

http://photo.net/canon-eos-digital-camera-forum/00GhUR

Shutter speed- Exposure Speed

Camera’s shutter speed is a measurement of how long it’s shutter remains open as the picture is taken. The shutter speed is set to, ex:1/30,1/60,1/125th of a second. The Slower the shutter speed the longer the exposure time.

Here’s an example: picture taken from…

http://sharinak.com/2009/08/24/photography-tutorial-shutter-speed-victoria-photographer/

credits goes to her.

Digital Sensor Sensitivity

A camera’s ISO Setting/ISO Speed is a standard which describes it’s absolute sensitivity or measure of degree of response of it’s sensor to light. ISO Settings are usually listed as factors of 2,such as ISO 50,ISO 100,ISO 200 and can have wide range of values.

Higher numbers represent greater sensitivity and the ratio of two ISO Numbers represents their relative sensitivity,meaning a photo at ISO 200 will take half as long to reach the same level of Exposure as one taken in ISO100(all other settings being equal).

ISO Speed is analogous to ASA Speed For Different films,however a single digital camera can capture images at several different ISO Speeds.This is accomplished by amplifying the image signal in the camera,however this also amplifies noise and so higher ISO Speeds will produce progressively more noise.

Go to this website for Sample Images..http://web.canon.jp/imaging/eosd/samples/eos1dm4/

Credits goes to Canon…

Image Noise:

“Image Noise” is the digital equivalent of film grain for analogous cameras.This noise appears as random speckles on an otherwise smooth surface and can significantly degrade image quality.Noise increases with the sensitivity setting in the camera,length of exposure,temperature and even varies amongst different camera models.

Example Taken from http://www.savs.hcc.edu.tw/~chuavv/guide/gimp/gimp-2.6/images/filters/examples/noise-taj-scatter-rgb.jpg

Credit goes to them.

Kinds of Digital Cameras

Compact/Point and Shoot Camera: designed to be small and portable compact digital cameras are particularly suitable for casual “snapshot” use.Compact cameras are usually designed to be easy to use,most have built-in flash,usually of low power,sufficient for nearby subjects,Live Preview is almost always used to frame the Photo.Example:SonyCybershot DSC-W290


Hybrid/Bridge Cameras: DSLR(Digital Single Lens Reflex)-like in appearance,hybrid cameras share some advanced features with them. They Retain certain traits of compact digital cameras like Live Preview and small Sensors. These cameras don’t have interchangeable lenses but they make up for it by incorporating super-zoom lenses into their bodies.

Example:Sony Cybershot DSC-HX1

Digital Single Lens Reflex Cameras: also known as DSLR’s,are cameras that us a reflex mirror to enable thru-the-lens viewing. They have interchangeable lens mounts that accepts an array of lenses with different focal lengths which is why this kind of camera is wahat most professional photographers use.

DSLR’s also accept dfferent kinds of accessories such as external flashes,battery grips,bellows,wireless transmitters,etc.

Lately,new DSLR models have included LivePreview in their camera bodies.Some even have video recording,a feature exclusive only to compact and hybrid cameras in the past.

Example:Nikon D40

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Definition and Advantages of Digital Photography

Digital Photography ,according to wikipedia.org, is a form of photography by the use of digital technology to make images.

This includes digital cameras,digital SLR’s,cellphones with cameras ,webcams,etc.

Digital Photography has its advantages like:

  • Instant Feedback: we can preview pictures on the spot unlike in film photography wherein you need to wait for the development of the picture in the darkroom to see the taken picture.
  • Memory Card Storage:digital cameras  don’t need films to store pictures.
  • Delete Function: we can delete photos on the spot and experiment with different shots
  • We can transfer images we want to save in our computer
  • We can make prints to handout
  • We can send photos through e-mail/internet

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